visitkhatulistiwa.com – Indonesia is a country rich in arts, languages, and cultures, some of which are internationally recognized. This is because Indonesia is a country in this world that has the largest number of tribes, is supported by data from the Central Bureau of Statistics at the 2010 census which states that the number of ethnic groups in Indonesia amounted to 1340 ethnic groups. Thus, Indonesia became the greatest maritime nation that is very rich in culture.
Tengger tribe is one of the sub Tribal Javanese living in the mountainous area of Bromo-Tengger-Semeru, East Java, Indonesia. Tengger Tengger residents or often also called Wong Tengger occupy some areas of Pasuruan, Lumajang, Probolinggo, and Malang.
There are several theories that explain the name of the Tengger Tengger is the first Tengger means standing upright depicting the nature of the people Tenger with noble nature. Secondly, Tengger means the mountains which is the residence of the Tenger tribe. And the third, Tengger is a combination of the names of two ancestors Tengger Tribe Rara Anteng and Jaka Seger. Similar to the Sasak and other tribal cultures, the tengger tribe also has some cultures that are still deeply rooted in the Tengger community and quite well known in the outer community.
One form of culture Tengger Tribe is very popular and famous in Indonesia is Kasada Ceremony. Kasada or Yadya Kasada ceremony is the day of the offering ceremony performed by the people of Tengger by offering some offerings to Sang Hyang Widhi. The ceremony is held every 14th of the month of Kasada and is always a tourist attraction to come watch the process in Mount Bromo.
Kasada ceremony is held in a temple located at the foot of the Northern Bromo mountain named Lumin poten Bromo and proceed to the top of Bromo Mountain. The ceremony was held from midnight until the early morning of this peak is by throwing offerings offerings to the crater of Mount Bromo.
In addition to ceremony kasada there are several other ceremonies are also performed by Tengger society, among them Ceremony Karo is a traditional ceremony performed as a form of fun in the biggest feast day in Tengger tribe, Karo Feast Day.
Kapat ceremony, traditional ceremony conducted in the fourth month in the calendar system with the aim of a blessing of safety and worship in the direction of the wind.
Kawalu ceremony, as the name implies, this ceremony takes place in the eighth month where Tengger tribe society will send offerings to the village head, with the intention to invoke the health of the Earth and all its contents.
Kasanga ceremony, traditional ceremony conducted on the ninth month is intended to invoke safety through the sound of kentongan and bring the torch around the corner of the village.
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Trust and Religion
Tenger tribes almost as a whole embraced Hinduism. People in the Tengger tribe are known to be very obedient to Hindu religion and various forms of community rules. Hindu religion is believed by tengger residents shows the truth that the population of Tengger tribe is a direct descendant of the Majapahit Kingdom. Other tengger culture in terms of trust is the legend of Rara Anteng and Jaka Seger which became the forerunner of the birth of the name Tengger.
Tribal tribal language
Tengger tribal language is still included in the Javanese language grove in the branch of the language family of pharmacies which is one of the languages in the tribal culture of Java. So that Tengger tribe language is often referred to as Tengger Java language. It is assumed that the Tenggerese language is derived from the Kawi language and preserves many ancient passages that are no longer used in modern Javanese.
Tenggerese tribal art
In tengger society life also recognize some art that has become culture and still maintained until today. Tengger tribal art consists of several branches of art such as dance, art in the art of building. Traditional dance performed in tengger tribe society are Ratu Anteng dan Joko Seger dance performed before the ceremony begins. The building art of tengger tribe is strongly influenced by Hindu culture which is reflected in the temple shape and custom house which is perched.
Tengger tribe society highly upholds the value of equality and democracy in the life of society. The Tengger community respects religious and spiritual leaders such as shamans rather than administrative leaders. The tengger tribe community has its own prevailing laws and must be obeyed by all Tengger tribal societies.
Culture The tengger tribe is a customary treasure and also a knowledge that can be learned, so it can be preserved. Source: maioloo.com
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