visitkhatulistiwa.com – Mount Krakatoa, which occurred when he heard his name was a powerful eruption. Krakatau was an archipelago of active volcanic mountains in the Sunda Strait, between the islands of Sumatra and Java. There are several notes on the eruption of Mount Krakatau, including an ancient Javanese text titled Pustaka Raja Parwa which is estimated to date from 416 AD. Wikipedia notes that this ancient Krakatau eruption is also considered to contribute to the end of the heyday of some of the great kingdom of the world. Ancient Krakatoa explosion is estimated to last for 10 days with an estimated mass velocity of up to 1 million tons per second. The explosion has formed a 20-150 meter atmospheric shield, lowering temperatures by 5-10 degrees over 10-20 years.
On August 27, 1883, another volcanic eruption of Krakatau that caused a tsunami of 40 meters high swept the area of Java and Sumatra. Experts note that the eruption was equivalent to 30,000 times the atomic bomb blast dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, during World War II. The ash of the eruption covered the earth’s sky for two and a half days.
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Until a year later the sun shone dimly due to volcanic ash. Dust scattering not only spread around the mountain, but to Norway in Europe and New York, in the United States. While the sound of the eruption sounded until Alice Springs in Australia, and Rodrigues Island near Africa, which is about 460 miles away.
In 1927, about 43 years after the volcano erupted, volcanoes emerged from an ancient caldera that is still active. The growth rate is about 20 inches high per month. Each year he becomes taller about 20 feet. The height of Anak Krakatau is 450 meters. However, since the eruption of Krakatau in 2011, the tourists can not go to the peak Anak Krakatau. Currently, tourists can only climb to the height of about 200 meters /the last post.
Krakatau start to be excellent for domestic tourists, because the location is not so far from Java or Sumatera island, and offers a view that is not less interesting than Bromo and Semeru. Many tourists want to set foot to look closer to the Krakatau, and get to know and find out about information from the local volcanology agency on the history and the development of the Krakatau.
While visiting this location, tourists need to pay close attention to the warning signs and restrictions that exist during your visit in this world heritage area. Every tourist is required to comply with any applicable regulations and maintain the cleanliness of the area and does not bring and damage the environment of the region.
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In Anak Krakatau, there is a tool for monitoring this volcano activity. In this area, the detector uses solar cell power to transmit information to the Lampung and Central Vulcanology Agency. If there is an increase in the activity of mountain krakatau, this detector will directly transmit the signal. Solar cells are used there are two units with two batteries that are planted in the ground.
The tourists will only be able to climb the mountain of the krakatau to a height of about 200 meters which can be taken within 30-45 minutes until the last post of climbing. When there are visitors, it will usually be accompanied by officers from KSDA Lampung who are assigned for a week alternately in Anak Anak Krakatau.
Mount Anak Krakatau will still grow every year because it is still active and the activity of lava in this volcano. From the last post of Krakatau, you will see Rakata mountains, Sertung Island, and Panjang Island. Tourists will usually visit several destinations on nearby islands near Krakatau and tourists can stay (homestay) on Sebesi island. The journey from Sebesi Island to Anak Krakatau is about 90-120 minutes away by boat. Beautiful view from the giant. source: various sources
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