(visitkhatulistiwa.com) – The Indonesian archipelago undoubtedly has a very rich underwater beauty. One of the most beautiful underwater paradise in the world, known as Wakatobi National Park. Located in Wakatobi District, Southeast Sulawesi Province Indonesia.
The capital of Wakatobi is Wangi-Wangi. Wakatobi Regency consists of four main islands, namely Wangiwangi, Kalidupa, Tomia, and Binongko. So, Wakatobi is the abbreviation of the name of the four main islands.
Prior to December 18, 2003, this archipelago was called the Iron Plumber Islands and is still part of Buton County. Wakatobi district is south of the equator line and like any other area in Indonesia.
Wakatobi has two seasons, the rainy season and the dry season. Wakatobi National Park, established in 1996, with a total area of 1.39 million hectares, concerns marine biodiversity and corals that occupy one of the highest priority positions of marine conservation in Indonesia.
READ THIS : Welcome to the East Gate of Indonesia
The beauty and richness of Wakatobi National Park region is already well known in foreign countries, especially after the Wallacea Expedition of England in 1995 which states that the region in Southeast Sulawesi is very rich in coral species.
Mentioned, in Wakatobi National Park there are 750 of the total 850 species of coral in the world. The configuration of the depth varies from flat to sloping into the sea and in some waters areas there are steep-edged ones. The deepest part of the waters reaches 1,044 meters.
Marine tourism is a tourism activity that has long been known and is a mainstay tourism in Wakatobi Islands National Park. The wealth of this marine biota is none other than the vast expanse of coral reefs along the waters with the colorful underwater topography such as slop, flat, drop-off, atoll, and underwater caves.
More than 112 species of corals from 13 families, and 93 species of fish living harmoniously in them.
Wakatobi National Park is also home to several species of sea birds such as the brown-goose (Sula leucogaster plotus), the Malay sponge (Charadrius peronii) and the king of shrimp erasia (Alcedo atthis). Some types of turtles also make this park their home, such as the hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata), sea turtle (Caretta caretta), and turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea).
Wakatobi waters have a loyal “guest” that makes the waters of Wakatobi as a playground. The “guest” is none other than the sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus). They were in Wakatobi in November, when the other hemisphere froze. In that month, Wakatobi waters are relatively warmer and abundant feed that can fill the stomach of whales.
Wakatobi is also a manta ray playground (Manta ray) whose body size is classified as a giant. Manta rays are one of the unique and unique species of fish, found only in tropical waters.
The existence of 25 clusters of coral reefs and their depths make the waters of Wakatobi Islands National Park an ideal place for various types of marine life to live, also makes the inhabitants of the sea here has a high aesthetic and conservation value.
Specifically Wakatobi Islands National Park is surrounded by beaches of coral islands along the 600 km and beach tourism and spread throughout the Wakatobi region is potential to be managed. So, not without reason if the beach area in this region is perfect for tours such as diving, snorkeling, swimming, and fishing.
Save Wakatobi in your travel agenda. Its natural beauty is amazing to be enjoyed. Source: travel.kompas.com